Deliciousness with Apples

Hi and how you doing today ?  Have you saved a crop of apples for the winter and occasionally have to sort them for bruises and age ?   Me too .  Instead of throwing them out , put them aside and make apple cider .

Hot mulled cider or cold cider with a cinnamon stick is always a welcome refreshment on a winter day .   Also replacing the liquid in a spice cake recipe with cider really enhances the flavor .

If you wish to make your own cider you may use apples or pears combined or just apples .  Wash the fruit , cut into chunks leaving the skins on .  A gallon typically uses about 15 pounds of fruit .  However , any amount of fruit can be processed .

Cider can be made with a juicer .  A cider press is not required .  Hand pressing can also be accomplished but takes more work.  When the pulp fills up in the juicer cup and it needs to be cleaned out , try to put the pulp in a cheese cloth and wring it over a container to extract any remaining juice until the pulp feels fairly dry or grainy .

Now take what juice you have collected and add brown sugar or spices to your taste .  Cinnamon , cloves , orange zest or lemon zest are favorite additions .  Strain for clarity .

If you wish to pasteurize the product then simmer on the stove for 30 minutes .   Be careful to not let it boil  .   If you do this and wish to harden your cider then you should add a fermentation product to your beverage .  This can be easily bought on line .

If you want little fermentation or slow fermentation then place the juice in an area where it can be kept cold . 

An old fashioned recipe is as follows .

WASSAIL, 1 gallon cider , 1qt. Orange juice,  1 cup lemon juice , 1 large can of pineapple juice,  24 whole cloves ,  1 cup of granulated  sugar , 4 sticks of cinnamon .  Combine and simmer for 10 minutes .  Remove cloves and cinnamon and serve hot or store in refrigerator .

This recipe can be adjusted for the quantity of cider .

Have a Blessed Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year .  Grandma Jean

A Greener Garden

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Hi again, and I hope that your Autumn has provided you with the colors promised with this season .    It is the time of year when we can provide our garden plots a well earned rest and reestablishment .  We can now turn our attention to our cold frame seasonal planting as well as developing plants in our sunrooms or greenhouses .  A cold frame can easily be built from an old window or glass door that you can prop against a pallet that sits against a building and is draped on both ends with clear plastic.

Greens do well in off season gardens  .  Kale, collards and other deep green leafies provide nutrition for our bodies as well  as much of the fiber that we should be consuming .   Iron, calcium and magnesium  are the primary benefits .  The darker the green , the more benefit absorbed.

There are many ways to incorporate these vitamin and mineral packed greens into recipes.

Tender greens can be blended into batters and dough for additional nutrients.   Watercress can be easily added into a batter for coating  or making a dough for noodles . Also a good way to consume them is to process them into smoothies .  This is especially true for spinach .  Adding chopped kale to any alfredo dish makes it attractive as well as nutritious .  Mustard  greens added to potato salad enhances the flavor of this dish .

Be creative and use the greens on all of your serving platters for the enjoyment that your guests will  appreciate visually.

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Any suggestions that you have for additional uses are welcome here as I am constantly learning and trying new things.

Enjoying what each season has to offer,   Grandma Jean

Gardens to Calm the Holiday Stress

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Hey Y’all .  We have all experienced holiday stress in one form or another .  Finding the right present, wanting to give our families and children good experiences,  food and cooking,  parties, shopping, decorating,  traveling,  and the list goes on to create anxiety .

There are healthy ways to give yourself a mood lift and keep your cool .  These ways can come straight from your garden, organic products at the super market, and the health food store.

Of course the first priority should be sleep, while you are sleeping  your recommended 7 or 8 hours a day,  supplement your dreams with aroma therapy .  Lavender on or under your pillow or rubbed into your skin with a lotion is a great relaxer .  It has a soothing effect on the body and brain.

This year give yourself a break with 5 foods that it is suggested will keep you calm and celebrating .

Black Beans.   

Magnesium rich , enriches the central nervous system.  It provides the mineral necessary  to decrease anxiety.  Peanuts are also a high magnesium food along with leafy greens.

Quinoa

This product along with other whole grains that are rich in B vitamins are , Barley, Brown Rice, Oats , and Buckwheat.

Chamomile Tea

This tea can have a relaxing effect on the nervous system .  It can be enjoyed with apple juice, cinnamon, ginger or other flavors such as lemon and lavender .

Pumpkin Seeds

Zinc is a significant mineral in these seeds and greatly contributes to reducing anxiety and stress .  Beef, chicken, oysters, and nuts also will establish a mood mellower with zinc.  (I don’t know if mellower is a word but its useful here ).

Edamame

This is a type of soybean that helps the brain produce a calming effect.  It has an amino acid that helps the brain produce serotonin .  The effects are increased agreeable behaviors .  Turkey and pumpkin seeds also contribute to your body with serotonin .  Maybe that is why we usually feel sleepy after a turkey dinner.

There are many recipes available that include the the stress busters  that I have listed .  I’m definitely  going to try them along with my favorite party foods.

Enjoying the sunshine here today .    Grandma Jean

Words on Wildflowers

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Many folks find wildflowers that turn up in their cultivated gardens a nuisance and make haste to eliminate them, however I like them . They deliver color to our woodlands, pastures and meadows . Some also can provide medicinal remedies if used properly as a tea or a topical application . If you cannot identify the plant , leave it alone as some plants are poisonous . some of the plants that are poisonous are also copy cat varieties of beneficial wildflowers . I cannot stress this too many times, KNOW YOUR PLANTS.

Each flower can have a different pollinator . Some flowers are pollinated by bees, some by ants, butterflies and hummingbirds. Some also pollinate themselves by blowing in the wind or an animal brushing the flower as it walks by closely.

Jewel Weed has the ability to propagate itself by having seed pods that burst when touched . This flower is pollinated by bees. Jewel Weed has orange funnel shaped flowers with bright red dots on them . The unique thing about Jewel Weed is that wherever this plant is found , poison ivy is growing close by.  This wild flower , Jewel Weed , is used to treat poison ivy rashes in commercial preparations as well as home remedies .

Indian Cucumber root is an edible tuber , the Paw Paw has an edible fruit, Witch Hazel has an edible seed and the leaves and bark can be used to treat insect bites and bruises . It is also an astringent. Many other wild flowers , too many to mention here , also provide us with natural benefits.

There are many books written on the subject and many locations on the internet to research . Before you pull that wild flower that is invading your garden please do yourself a favor and check it out first . Along with the beauty there are many more qualities to enjoy.

The flowers that I mentioned are always found in the Eastern U.S. but other locations are also host to most of them .  An easy place to start your search for wild flower seeds and products is here in the message attached.

https://amzn.to/2Pz0e36

I’m starting new plants in the green house . An update on the development will come soon .

Have a great day , Grandma Jean

BEES and Q s

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Bees are one of the most awesome creatures created .  We enjoy a variety of delightful fruits , vegetables and, colorful flowers  because of their activity .  They provide us with honey and bees wax for candles amid other uses such as cosmetics and healing salves that treat burns.  The bee wax provides anti fungal , antiseptic, antiviral and antibiotic properties for the hive.  One day I would like to encourage a colony in my back yard.

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Q s are the queens , one in each hive .  Queens can live up to 5 years , this is longer than the worker bee.  The bee colony chooses their queen by feeding selected ones Royal             Jelly when they are only a little larva .  This special meal allows her to develop larger and stronger than the workers.  The drones are the males that fertilize the queens  eggs , there are only a few of them because they die after mating with the queen .   the queen can lay 1500 to 2000 eggs a day .  WHEW , she earns her keep.

The drones also do not have a stinger but they have bigger eyes to help them locate their queen.  Now the worker bees are the females.  SOME THINGS NEVER CHANGE ,  sorry fellas I couldn’t let that one go by .

The worker bees pollinate crops , making it possible to produce billions of dollars in revenue world wide every year from the sale of fruits and vegetables , cotton, soybeans, honey, wax and ointments among other items.   We benefit from their activity but the hive does also.  They use some of the pollen and nectar that they gather to use for their own food.  We benefit as they fly from one plant to the next and leave pollen behind , thus fertilizing the vegetation that produces the fruits and vegetables that we consume.

Bee venom is attached to the bees stinger in a gland.  This venom is used to treat those who are allergic to bees through a process called desensitization.

The bees make honey from the nectar collected and this is fed to the adult bees as well as the larvae.  They line the hives with bees wax or bee glue to waterproof the hive and create brood cells.  The bees wax is formed in their digestive process after they have eaten the honey.   The worker bees also seal the cells to protect their larvae and food supply..  this comb is their nursery and pantry.

Modern bee hives provide a frame for the bees to build a foundation for the wax comb.  These frames can be removed, the honey extracted and then the frames are returned to the hive so that the bees can refill the existing comb with honey.  Seems like this is a helper to the bees because they can collect honey instead of rebuilding the comb first.

It is advised to never give children under the age of one honey whether it is raw or processed .  Their immature digestive systems cannot complete absorption  as an adult  can and will cause  tummy upsets. However, topic bee products are beneficial.

A nice variety of bee products are available on Amazon like this baby soap from Burt’s Bees .

Bees stay in their hives all winter .  They live off of the honey that  is stored in the warmer months .

Sounds like it is important to protect and cultivate our bees .  I’m planning my flower garden and veggie garden for next season right now.  How about you ?

As I plan I wish to share with you that my harvest was processed successfully with the new freeze dryer this season.  The completed product is so easy to transport and store.  This includes meat as well.

Looking for our future,  Grandma Jean

Garden Surprises in Spruce Pine

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Hurricane Florence has gone and has left a mess for many with the flooding , wind and  tornados .  Fortunately the mountains have been my refuge .  After driving to the coast and securing the home there , I returned to the mountains .  Florence stopped at the shore as a category 4 and became a category 1 on land. This was enough to contribute to the destruction of life styles and lives for many but  I observed so many good people that came forward to help others .   This in its self is humbling to experience.   My neighbors on the coast were awesome .

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There is a small town nestled in the mountains called Spruce Pine .   I had time to explore the area and came upon  an amazing garden supply business . The nursery is called LAKEVIEW Mercantile and Gardens , Inc. .    The owners Jeff and Darla Harding have an amazing knowledge of  all things growing and are available to share this information to you .  The greenhouse is a gem and all of their production include  a large variety of healthy , thriving  , large selection of plants .   They also have a nice inventory of garden  tools and statuary .  When you are in the Blue Ridge Mountains , do yourself a favor and explore this exceptional place.

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As Fall is now here it is time to clean out our garden beds ,  make a list of our future plans and if you have a green house or cold frame , start some seedlings for cold weather crops.   I have learned a lot this year and kept a journal .  This journal has been an education in itself.   I encourage you to do this.

Hopefully I can direct my next post to beekeeping  .  This is a subject  I have had the opportunity to study and I would like to share with you.

Keeping the earth green with you , Grandma Jean

Quality Gardening , Quantity Gardening

 

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Hey , and good day to you .  Yes, I  am into dirt today and I don’t mean the tabloids .   And as I previously suggested ,  I am going to include a picture of the gardens that were established with and without the application of fish fertilizer.  Also let us look at the main differences between my coastal garden and the mountain garden .

Fish fertilizer provides nitrogen and phosphorous to the soil .  This  product should be diluted according to the manufactures instructions and applied to  the plant as a topical  solution after the seedling has been placed into the ground.   It is said that it can be used to apply to seedlings as they are started but I don’t .  The fertilizer is a concentrate and will last a very long time as it only takes a couple of tablespoons of it in a gallon of water.img_1344

The corn on the left was planted at the same time as the corn on the right .  The difference in growth is the fish fertilizer .

The coastal garden has been an experiment for me and after I determined that this was a climate like no other .  I tried applications of everything natural available under the sun.   Well water, distilled water or rain water was used for  hydration for both the mountain garden as well as the coastal garden.  The same seeds that I had dried from the previous years were used in both gardens .  The starting soil was was identical and the compost used was created from the same products with the exception of yard residue gathered .

Think, Think ,Think I did .  The climate and the soil base were the only differences that I could determine that  I could adjust.  The coastal climate has hot days and little cooling in the evening.  The mountain climate has hot days but does cool at night .   So with that in mind I have decided to plant the coast in the early spring and also around Labor Day for a second crop.  This alternative season will allow for the cooler evenings.

The soil base in the mountains is much deeper as that garden was established years ago . Adding soil, compost and mulch to it every year has increased its fullness and capability to absorb water to the root structure.   The coastal garden is new, has a good base on top of sand , but is not deep enough to contain the water necessary to supply the roots in this continuous heat .  This soil depth is being increased at the moment.

I am hoping that my adjustments do the job.  Meanwhile , I am heading back to the mountains to spend a couple of weeks freeze-drying my produce.

Any suggestions are welcome .  Please send your thoughts .  Grandma Jean

Tomato Disorders

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Good morning and I hope you have a great day .  I have returned from an enjoyable camping trip in the mountains as well as family time at Disney .  The food that I processed with my new freeze dryer from HarvestRight .

 

920x60-2 It was easy and light to transport and delicious .   I enjoyed every minute but when I returned I found that some of the tomato plants in my garden needed some attention.  I did some home work and will share some of the things that I learned .

Diseases and Disorders are classified as two separate malfunctions in development .

I had to deal with disorders .  Disorders usually relate to growth conditions and do not spread from plant to plant .   The situations that need to be adjusted  for disorders are usually because of growth conditions such as soils, planting practices, and weather.  Blossom end rot , fruit cracks and uneven ripening can occur .  In my case it was the weather ,(too much rain), after a long hot dry spell .   I had fruit cracks and uneven ripening .

Diseases often express themselves as wilting, leaf spots , blight , and other fungal diseases .

Wilts are classified in this way , mid-day wilting occurs because of the plants inability to absorb water to its stems because of high temperatures during the day .  The plants cannot keep up with the water loss.  This is temporary .

If the plant does not respond to additional watering then we can assume that the plant has a fungus.  This fungus can spread to other tomato plants and sometimes can even survive winter .  The wilt fungus is first identified by a yellowing of the bottom leaves.  The leaves will dry up and fall off and will continue to progress up the entire plant .  It can involve the roots also.  The only thing that can be done is to dig up the plant and dispose of it , (not in your compost ), and treat the soil for fungi .  This situation , if soil generated ,  can also be the ruination of other crops such as potatoes , melons, spinach, and peas for up to 3 years . Treat the soil with a fungicide or replace the soil . A non susceptible replacement crop would be cabbage ,broccoli , beans or carrots.

Leaf Spot disease can occur when over watering .  Space plants far enough apart so they do not touch each other .  The free moisture on the foliage should be allowed to dry more quickly so a fungus will not develop.  The appearance of Leaf Spot is a small water soaked spot on the leaf that expands and becomes semi circular.  It will then become grayish white in color with dark edges.  This fungus can be treated also with fungicide prior to symptom development to protect foliage and fruit.

Early Blight can affect seedlings but is mostly common in older plants .  Dark brown spots with darker rings on older , lower leaves .  Plants could become defoliated .  Poor soil conditions as well as the need for proper drainage ,  and also high moisture conditions and even drought .  If the fruit is infected it will appear at the stem end and develop into black shriveled areas.  This disease can also be treated the same way as Leaf Spot .

I have also an experiment going on with applying to some crops a new ,(to me) ,  type of fertilizer that I use.  I found that Alaska Fish Fertilizer , available on Amazon can create a tremendous difference to the development of the produce that I have planted .  Yay  !!!  Love Grandma Jean

Munching in the Mountains

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Hello to all ,  The mountain garden is doing very well .  Daily picking of produce has been a delightful experience .  Soon it will provide more than we can eat .  At that time I will freeze dry much of it and some I will can like , sauerkraut.

The garden at the Coast was planted at the same time as the mountain garden but I soon discovered that the timing of the coastal garden was not accurate . It gets too hot and dry there for much success until we go into late summer .

And since we have recently spent over a week camping , we ate a lot of the food that I freeze dried .  It has all been very good and fresh tasting as well as easy to prepare.

Hiking, fishing for trout and enjoying the company of others as well as trying our taste buds out on the easy to prepare freeze dry meals has made camping a very enjoyable experience.  I have more meals that I want to create in the near future and  I am really excited to try them .

My granddaughter who is 7 caught a bigger fish than I did.   Good thing I brought along those easy to prepare meals .  😋

I hope you are having an enjoyable summer .  Remember to count your blessings and focus on what you are thankful for every day.  In the meantime  I will be enjoying camping and gardening and will be back with a full blog in a week .

Now on to Disney with some family .  I hope you have had a great summer and I will be back August 12 .  Thanks for sharing .

Harvest Right  is your place to go to for more information .

Grandma Jeanh

Can Do or Can Don’t

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Hey Friends and Readers ,  it’s  been a good week  , I’ve accomplished a lot , learned a lot , and was able to spend time with friends .  The garden that I tried to keep organic was getting too dry .  I hopefully solved that problem with a hydroponic filter that attaches to my hose.  Rain has not been abundant in this location and when it did rain it was a gully washer and ran off quickly .

Every summer I canned the veggies from my garden .  I am a firm believer that good health and long life can be the result of consuming unaltered produce , meats and fish.  The home canned goods normally  have a shelf life of  a couple of years before they lose their color and freshness.  If they are properly sealed they will keep but the “blue ribbon ” quality often changes after a couple of years.

Still I will continue to can many products that I have had success with over the years , such as sauerkraut because I like my results, as well as chili, soups and chowders.  Frozen goods must be consumed more quickly than canned goods but I still keep items in my freezer to quickly pop out in case of unexpected company or because of meal planning for the week .  Items kept for a long time in the freezer tend to dry out and get freezer burn even if they are properly vacuum sealed.

I have just purchased a new product called a freeze dryer .  I love , love, love it .  It is so easy to use , unbelievably so .   I don’t get hot and sweaty as does happen in a day in the kitchen, canning.   The produce and meat are sealed in a mylar bag with an oxygen absorber pillow included and  it can last up to 25 years if properly sealed according to their instructions.   The finished results are “picked right off the vine favorable ”  .  I sometimes have to seal the product before I eat it all.

Storage is not a problem as the sealed product is light in weight and takes up little space. Small children can handle the containers safely and easily .  The veggies and other products created can be eaten as is or rehydrated in any way you wish.

I have had the product for 6 weeks now and have delightfully accomplished strawberries, blueberries, bananas , carrots, chicken,  barbecue, scrambled eggs and bacon, tomatoes and green beans .  There may be some things that I forgot about at the moment but tomorrow I will try brussel sprouts and later on in the week water melon .

Harvest Right  is your place to go to for more information .

Enjoy your day ,  Grandma Jean